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托福写作10个核心准则

2018-10-16 15:46:37阅读(

对于托福写作考试,除了一个好的结构和例证之外,有些准则可以助你作文获得高分。这里小编为大家带来了托福写作10大准则,希望对大家的托福写作有帮助。

Elementaryprinciplesofcomposition

1.Maketheparagraphtheunitofcomposition:oneparagraphtoeachtopic不同的段落构成文章,每个段落仅传递一个观点

2.Asarule,begineachparagraphwithatopicsentence;enditinconformitywiththebeginning规则:每个段落均以主题句开头,并且首尾呼应。

A.thetopicsentencecomesatornearthebeginning;主题句前置B.thesucceedingsentencesexplainorestablishordevelopthestatementmadeinthetopicsentence;段落围绕主题句展开,后面的句子对主题句进行展开解释C.thefinalsentenceeitheremphasizesthethoughtofthetopicsentenceorstatessomeimportantconsequence.

末尾句或者对主题句进行强调,或者阐述主题句带来的结果。

3.Usetheactivevoice

主动句永远比被动句直接有力

Eg:Therewereagreatnumberofdeadleaveslyingontheground=Deadleavescoveredtheground.(清晰生动)Eg:Thereasonthatheleftcollegewasthathishealthbecameimpaired.

=Failinghealthcompelledhimtoleavecollege.(简洁有力)Eg:Itwasnotlongbeforehewasverysorrythathehadsaidwhathehad.

=Hesoonrepentedhiswords.(简洁有力)

4.Putstatementsinpositiveform以肯定的形式表达否定的意思,避免使用平淡、毫无色彩,犹豫不决和含糊其辞的语言。

Eg:Hewasnotveryoftenontime.

=Heusuallycamelate.

Eg:HedidnotthinkthatstudyingLatinwasmuchuse.

=HethoughtthestudyofLatinuseless.

Eg:ThetamingoftheShrewisratherweakinspots.ShakespearedoesnotportrayKatharineasaveryadmirablecharacter,nordoesBiancaremainlonginmemoryasanimportantcharacterinShakespeare’sworks.

=ThewomeninTheTamingoftheShrewareunattractive.Katharineisdisagreeable,Biancainsignificant.

5.Omitneedlesswords

删除冗词

Vigorouswritingisconcise.Asentenceshouldcontainnounnecessarywords,aparagraphnounnecessarysentences,forthesamereasonthatadrawingshouldhavenounnecessarylinesandamachinenounnecessaryparts.Thisrequiresnotthatthewritermakeallhissentencesshort,orthatheavoidalldetailandtreathissubjectsonlyinoutline,butthateverywordtell.

有力的写作一定简洁。

Owingtothefactthat

=Since(because)

Inspiteofthefactthat

=Though(although)

Callyourattentiontothefactthat

=Remindyou(notifyyou)

Thefactthathehadnotsucceeded

=Hisfailure

6.Avoidasuccessionofloosesentences

别写流水账,找找语言的逻辑关系,通过who,which,when,where,andwhile这些词把句子串起来。

7.Expressco-ordinateideasinsimilarformParallelstructure平行结构讲究对称美:内容对等,结构一致。

Eg:Formerly,sciencewastaughtbythetextbookmethod,whilenowthelaboratorymethodisemployed.

Parallelstructure:Formerly,sciencewastaughtbythetextbookmethod;nowitistaughtbythelaboratorymethod.

8.Keeprelatedwordstogether

词的位置决定词的关系,所以遵循‘物以类聚’,意思关联紧密的词放在一块。

A:主谓之间不分割,补充信息需前置

Eg:Wordsworth,inthefifthbookofTheExcursion,givesaminutedescriptionofthischurch.

Eg:InthefifthbookoftheExcursion,Wordsworthgivesaminutedescriptionofthischurch.(状语前置,主谓毗邻)

B:关系代词紧随先行词出现Eg:Therewasalookinhiseyethatbodedmischief.

Eg:Inhiseyewasalookthatbodedmischief.(名词look先行,关系词that紧随)

9.Insummaries,keeptoonetense总结通常使用现在时态,如果使用过去时,请保持时态一致。

10.Placetheemphaticwordsofasentenceattheend欲擒故纵的圆周句(periodicsentence)中,强调信息后置。

Eg:Fourcenturiesago,ChristopherColumbus,oneoftheItalianmarinerswhomthedeclineoftheirownrepublicshadputattheserviceoftheworldandofadventure,seekingforSpainawestwardpassagetotheIndiesassetoffagainsttheachievementsofPortuguesediscoverers,lightedonAmerica.

Eg:WiththesehopesandinthisbeliefIwouldurgeyou,layingasideallhindrance,thrustingawayallprivateaims,todevoteyourselvesunswervinglyandunflinchinglytothevigorousandsuccessfulprosecutionofthiswar.

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福写作10大准则,你在写作的时候有没有注意这些呢?如果你有些地方忽略了,那么从现在开始就要注意了。最后,小编预祝大家托福穬能取得理想的成绩。
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